Sunday, April 03, 2005

Coincidences

BP makes sixth oil discovery in deepwater block 31 Angolia
Offshore staff
Sociedade Nacional de Combustíveis de Angola (Sonangol) and BP announced the Ceres-1 oil discovery in ultra-deepwater block 31, offshore Angola.
Ceres-1 is the sixth successful discovery BP has drilled in block 31, following Pluta, Saturno, Marte, Venus, and Palas. It is 32 km southeast of the Plutão discovery, and 31 km northeast of the Palas discovery announced earlier in 2005.
Semisubmersible drilling rig the Leiv Eiriksson drilled Ceres-1 in 1,633 m of water 360 km northwest of Luanda, Angola, and reached a total depth 4,334 m.
The well tested at a maximum rate of 5,844 b/d through a 44/64 in. choke. Further work is ongoing to evaluate the size of the discovery.
Sonangol is the concessionaire of block 31. BP as operator holds 26.67%.
Partners in block 31 are Esso Exploration and Production Angola (block 31) Ltd. 25%, Sonangol EP 20%, Statoil Angola AS 13.33%, Marathon Petroleum Angola Ltd. 10%, and TEPA (block 31) Ltd. (a subsidiary of the Total Group) with 5%.
04-01-05


WHO Downplays Fears of Virus in Angola
- By JONATHAN FOWLER, Associated Press WriterFriday, April 1, 2005
(04-01) 17:55 PST GENEVA, Switzerland (AP) --
The World Health Organization on Friday played down the danger of a wide spread of an Ebola-like virus that has killed 127 people in Angola, including 12 health workers.
Although it is the deadliest recorded outbreak of the rare Marburg disease, WHO spokeswoman Fadela Chaib said it can be controlled.
"Marburg is less severe than Ebola," she told reporters, saying an Ebola sufferer is capable of infecting about a dozen people but someone with Marburg infects only about four others.
"So we certainly can control this disease if people sick with it are put in isolation and if we identify all their contacts," Chaib said.
WHO said Italian authorities had isolated nine people who came in contact with a sufferer in Angola, but none had shown any symptoms of Marburg. No other details were released about the nine.
Like Ebola, which also has hit Africa, Marburg is a hemorrhagic fever. It spreads through bodily fluids and can kill rapidly. There is no vaccine or cure.
Angola has recorded 132 cases, about three-quarters of them in children younger than 5, since the virus was identified there last week, Chaib said.
The worst previously recorded outbreak of the virus killed 123 people in neighboring Congo between 1998 and 2000. That was also the last known outbreak.
Almost all the Angola deaths occurred in the northern province of Uige, on the border with Congo. A 15-year-old boy died of the disease in the capital, Luanda, Chaib said.
WHO, Angola's Health Ministry and the aid group Doctors Without Borders have sent medical teams to Uige to try to identify and isolate all sufferers, and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said it also was sending experts. A mobile laboratory provided by Canada was set to start work Friday, Chaib said.


Wonder

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Blogger Wonder said...

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Marburg Fever Epidemic Still Not Under Control in Angola
Méédecins Sans Frontièères
Thursday 05 May 2005
MSF believes that to control the epidemic it is vital to inform the population about the disease and its prevention. Families and patients must receive the support from the authorities, the community and all present actors in this crisis. Violence and threats to affected families that have been reported to MSF staff will only worsen the situation and lead to stigmatisation.
Six weeks after the confirmation of the Marburg fever outbreak in Angola through biological tests on March 22, the epidemic is still not under control. The official toll, as of April 30, is of 271 deaths and 301 cases. The disease has taken a heavy toll among the medical staff - at least 19 have died.
The situation has increased to levels that MSF is now increasing its role in infection control. MSF was previously restricted to infection control only in the isolation unit but is now taking on similar responsibilities throughout the hospital.
The situation is still alarming. In the city of Uííge, the main focus of the epidemic, bodies are collected every day. Since the first alert was, a new focus has sprouted in Songo hospital, about 50 kilometres northwest from Uííge.
Many problems remain unsolved and new difficulties arise every day. Last week, three Marburg cases died in different wards of Uííge hospital. The infection control system put in place has been inefficient.
The World Health Organization (WHO), that was supporting the Angolan Ministry of Health in the implementation of this system, recognized last Friday that "under such conditions, amplification of transmission is highly likely to occur".
In order to protect both the patients and the medical staff - and in response to a request from the authorities - MSF will increase its responsibility for infection control. All wards will be disinfected, and a stringent triage of patients needs to be put in place in order to temporarily restrict admissions to life-saving emergencies.
For these measures to succeed it is imperative that they be strictly respected.
As a consequence of this new situation, the peripheral health centres need to be reinforced in order to deal with the additional flow of patients and treat diseases other than Marburg fever. The local health authorities and the WHO also need to improve the system of identification of suspect cases and the follow up of people who have been in contact with infected patients.
MSF believes that to control the epidemic it is vital to inform the population about the disease and its prevention. Families and patients must receive the support from the authorities, the community and all actors present in this crisis. Violence and threats to affected families, as reported to MSF staff, will only worsen the situation and lead to stigmatisation.
MSF has treatment wards for Marburg patients in Uííge, Songo, Negage and Luanda. These centres allow MSF to isolate the cases and take care of the patients. MSF is also collecting patients and bodies in the community and carries out burials respecting the strictest bio-protection measures. Awareness-raising activities have also been intensified so that these public health measures can be understood by the population.
MSF has 55 expatriates working in this emergency.

Makes one Wonder

Fri May 06, 12:11:00 AM EDT  

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